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Pigmentation issues are some of the more common skin troubles. They can affect anyone at any point in time due to numerous factors. Since they have a direct effect on the skin, they are very obvious. Most people try different options in order to correct or conceal these issues. However, treatment is usually the best bet. Let’s learn a little bit more on the subject to better understand it.

What are the common pigmentation issues?

The main pigmentation issues include freckles and blemishes which are dark colored spots on the skin often caused due to constant exposure to sunlight without any protection. Melasma is another hyperpigmentation phenomenon that affects pregnant women and is known as mask of pregnancy. It affects the exposed parts of the skin. These brown spots are generally round in shape.

Loss of cells that make pigmentation can result in Vitilgo, a condition in which white spots can be made on the skin. Albinism is another condition that is caused due to lack of pigmentation in the skin. Albinos generally have very fair or pinkish skin tone and have nearly white hair. The condition is generally caused due to hereditary.

What causes pigmentation?

Mostly hyperpigmentation issues are caused as a result of too much exposure to direct sunlight without any kind of protection. Hormonal imbalance also plays a part and can lead to both hypo and hyperpigmentation. Physical trauma to the skin can also cause over production of melanin in many cases and is known as post inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

How to avoid them?

The pigmentation trouble can be avoided to a certain degree. Use of sunscreen and a large hat can help save the skin from the ill effects of UV rays. Wearing full clothing under the sun is also a good idea. Ensure that your hormonal levels are right. If they are not in the proper range, get treated. Maintaining a healthy skin in general like moisturizing and exfoliating too help.

Treatment options

There are numerous treatment options that can be brought to use for the purpose of correcting pigmentation issues.

Topical Treatments

Numerous creams are available for application on the skin for the intended results. These creams work by inhibiting the production of melanin to get the desired outcome. Generally hydroquinone, azelaic acid and kojic acid are included in these topical creams.

They need to be applied for a fair amount of time to get the desired outcome. They usually have very little side effects. It is important to get a cream prescribed by a doctor since not all products suit everyone.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL)

The treatment uses a broad spectrum light in very specific wavelengths to break down the Pigmentation buildups in the skin. The body can easily remove them afterwards. The light is set to target the melanin only so the skin nearby is generally not affected.

Topical anesthetics are applied to ensure that pain is not felt. Side effects are mild and temporary and there is no downtime after the treatment. A few sessions of IPL are enough to correct the pigmentation issues.

Chemical Peels

These are acidic solutions that are available in different strengths. They are applied to the skin for resurfacing it and allowing healthier skin to grow on top. It also boosts the level of collagen in the skin. Peels may be applied once or multiple times depending on their strength.

Side effects and downtime too vary in individual cases. The treatment is provided after the usage of topical or local anesthesia. It is best that the application of the peels is left to the pros since an amateur’s error can burn the top layer of the skin.


Microdermabrasion works with the help of a handheld device that sprays tiny crystals at a predetermined rate to exfoliate the skin. The healing starts straightaway and new and fresh skin with lesser pigmentation come on top. Collagen levels in the skin also get a boost to make it firmer.

The treatment is performed after the application of topical anesthetics. A few sessions are needed to get the desired results. There is no downtime and side effects too are fairly mild.

Laser Treatment

Laser target the melanin build ups and breaks it down. The broken down pigmentation is removed by the body with ease. The treatment is very effective. It also helps in improving the levels of elastin and collagen to make the skin healthier.

Multiple treatments are needed to entirely Get rid of pigmentation. Usually topical anesthesia is used to counter sensations of pain. Side effects for the most part are mild. In most cases there is no downtime after the treatment.

To learn more about the treatment or to schedule a procedure, visit us at Dubai Laser Treatment. Alternatively,

The consultancy of our Skin Specialist in Dubai & Abu Dhabi for the best treatment of Pigmentation.

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